Key decisions that shape people’s lives—decisions about jobs, healthcare, housing, education, criminal justice and other key areas—are, more and more often, being made automatically by computers. As a result, a growing number of important conversations about civil rights, which focus on how these decisions are made, are also becoming discussions about how computer systems work. People want to know more about the concrete examples that motivate this work. How and where, exactly, does big data become a civil rights issue? This report serves as a valuable resource as it begins to answer that question, highlighting key instances where big data and civil rights intersect.